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How To Install PostgreSQL 12 on CentOS 7/8

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This guide will walk you through the steps used to install PostgreSQL 12 on CentOS 7?. PostgreSQL is an object-relational database management system based on POSTGRES 4.2. PostgreSQL 12 is available in Beta as of this article update for Developers and Database Administrators to start testing new features.

PostgreSQL project provides a repository of packages of all supported versions for the most common distributions. Among the distributions supported are all Red Hat family of which includes CentOS, Fedora, Scientific Linux, Oracle Linux and Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Use the steps below to install PostgreSQL 12 on CentOS 7.

Step 1: Add PostgreSQL Yum Repository to CentOS 7

The PostgreSQL Yum Repository will integrate with your normal systems
and patch management, and provide automatic updates for all supported
versions of PostgreSQL throughout the support lifetime of PostgreSQL.

It can be added to CentOS 7 system by running the command below:

sudo yum -y install https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/reporpms/EL-7-x86_64/pgdg-redhat-repo-latest.noarch.rpm

You can get more information on installed package by running the command:

$ rpm -qi pgdg-redhat-repo
Name        : pgdg-redhat-repo
Version     : 42.0
Release     : 4
Architecture: noarch
Install Date: Thu 19 Sep 2019 06:34:53 PM UTC
Group       : System Environment/Base
Size        : 6915
License     : PostgreSQL
Signature   : DSA/SHA1, Wed 17 Apr 2019 04:12:42 AM UTC, Key ID 1f16d2e1442df0f8
Source RPM  : pgdg-redhat-repo-42.0-4.src.rpm
Build Date  : Wed 17 Apr 2019 04:12:41 AM UTC
Build Host  : koji-centos7-x86-64-pgbuild
Relocations : (not relocatable)
Vendor      : PostgreSQL Global Development Group
URL         : https://yum.postgresql.org
Summary     : PostgreSQL PGDG RPMs- Yum Repository Configuration for Red Hat / CentOS / Scientific Linux
Description :
This package contains yum configuration for Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS
 and Scientific Linux. and also the GPG key for PGDG RPMs.

Step 2: Install PostgreSQL 12 on CentOS 7

With the YUM repository added, we can install PostgreSQL 12 on CentOS 7 with the following command.

sudo yum -y install epel-release yum-utils
sudo yum-config-manager --enable pgdg12
sudo yum -y install postgresql12-server postgresql12

The database main configuration file is: /var/lib/pgsql/12/data/postgresql.conf

If the package is not available from enabled repository, remove the repository:

sudo rm /etc/yum.repos.d/pgdg-redhat-all.repo

Then add testing repository.

sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/pgdg-testing.repo <<EOF
name=PostgreSQL 12 Testing $releasever - $basearch

Now Install PostgreSQL 12 on CentOS 7:

sudo yum clean all
sudo yum makecache fast
sudo yum -y install postgresql12-server postgresql12

Sample installation output:

Dependencies Resolved

 Package                                Arch                      Version                                  Repository                         Size
 postgresql12                           x86_64                    12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7                      pgdg12-testing                    1.8 M
 postgresql12-server                    x86_64                    12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7                      pgdg12-testing                    5.4 M
Installing for dependencies:
 libicu                                 x86_64                    50.2-3.el7                               base                              6.9 M
 postgresql12-libs                      x86_64                    12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7                      pgdg12-testing                    383 k
 python3                                x86_64                    3.6.8-10.el7                             base                               69 k
 python3-libs                           x86_64                    3.6.8-10.el7                             base                              7.0 M
 python3-pip                            noarch                    9.0.3-5.el7                              base                              1.8 M
 python3-setuptools                     noarch                    39.2.0-10.el7                            base                              629 k

Transaction Summary
Install  2 Packages (+6 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 24 M
Installed size: 104 M
Downloading packages:
(1/8): libicu-50.2-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                         | 6.9 MB  00:00:00     
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/pgdg12-testing/packages/postgresql12-libs-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 442df0f8: NOKEY
Public key for postgresql12-libs-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
(2/8): postgresql12-libs-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm                                                                     | 383 kB  00:00:00     
(3/8): python3-3.6.8-10.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                      |  69 kB  00:00:00     
(4/8): python3-setuptools-39.2.0-10.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                          | 629 kB  00:00:00     
(5/8): postgresql12-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm                                                                          | 1.8 MB  00:00:00     
(6/8): python3-libs-3.6.8-10.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                 | 7.0 MB  00:00:00     
(7/8): postgresql12-server-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm                                                                   | 5.4 MB  00:00:00     
(8/8): python3-pip-9.0.3-5.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                                   | 1.8 MB  00:00:00     
Total                                                                                                               15 MB/s |  24 MB  00:00:01     
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-PGDG
Importing GPG key 0x442DF0F8:
 Userid     : "PostgreSQL RPM Building Project <[email protected]>"
 Fingerprint: 68c9 e2b9 1a37 d136 fe74 d176 1f16 d2e1 442d f0f8
 Package    : pgdg-redhat-repo-42.0-4.noarch (installed)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-PGDG
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : libicu-50.2-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                        1/8 
  Installing : postgresql12-libs-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                    2/8 
  Installing : python3-libs-3.6.8-10.el7.x86_64                                                                                                3/8 
  Installing : python3-setuptools-39.2.0-10.el7.noarch                                                                                         4/8 
  Installing : python3-3.6.8-10.el7.x86_64                                                                                                     5/8 
  Installing : python3-pip-9.0.3-5.el7.noarch                                                                                                  6/8 
  Installing : postgresql12-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                         7/8 
  Installing : postgresql12-server-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                  8/8 
  Verifying  : postgresql12-libs-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                    1/8 
  Verifying  : python3-pip-9.0.3-5.el7.noarch                                                                                                  2/8 
  Verifying  : libicu-50.2-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                        3/8 
  Verifying  : python3-libs-3.6.8-10.el7.x86_64                                                                                                4/8 
  Verifying  : postgresql12-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                         5/8 
  Verifying  : postgresql12-server-12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                  6/8 
  Verifying  : python3-setuptools-39.2.0-10.el7.noarch                                                                                         7/8 
  Verifying  : python3-3.6.8-10.el7.x86_64                                                                                                     8/8 

  postgresql12.x86_64 0:12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7                            postgresql12-server.x86_64 0:12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7                           

Dependency Installed:
  libicu.x86_64 0:50.2-3.el7       postgresql12-libs.x86_64 0:12beta4-1PGDG.rhel7 python3.x86_64 0:3.6.8-10.el7 python3-libs.x86_64 0:3.6.8-10.el7
  python3-pip.noarch 0:9.0.3-5.el7 python3-setuptools.noarch 0:39.2.0-10.el7

Step 3: Initialize and start database service

After installation, database initialization is required before service can be started.

sudo /usr/pgsql-12/bin/postgresql-12-setup initdb
sudo systemctl enable --now postgresql-12

Confirm that the service is started without any errors.

$ $ systemctl status postgresql-12
● postgresql-12.service - PostgreSQL 12 database server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/postgresql-12.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Thu 2019-09-19 18:50:10 UTC; 39s ago
     Docs: https://www.postgresql.org/docs/12/static/
  Process: 10647 ExecStartPre=/usr/pgsql-12/bin/postgresql-12-check-db-dir ${PGDATA} (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 10652 (postmaster)
   CGroup: /system.slice/postgresql-12.service
           ├─10652 /usr/pgsql-12/bin/postmaster -D /var/lib/pgsql/12/data/
           ├─10654 postgres: logger   
           ├─10656 postgres: checkpointer   
           ├─10657 postgres: background writer   
           ├─10658 postgres: walwriter   
           ├─10659 postgres: autovacuum launcher   
           ├─10660 postgres: stats collector   
           └─10661 postgres: logical replication launcher   

Sep 19 18:50:10 cent7.novalocal systemd[1]: Starting PostgreSQL 12 database server...
Sep 19 18:50:10 cent7.novalocal postmaster[10652]: 2019-09-19 18:50:10.207 UTC [10652] LOG:  starting PostgreSQL 12beta4 on x86_64-pc-lin... 64-bit
Sep 19 18:50:10 cent7.novalocal postmaster[10652]: 2019-09-19 18:50:10.209 UTC [10652] LOG:  listening on IPv6 address "::1", port 5432
Sep 19 18:50:10 cent7.novalocal postmaster[10652]: 2019-09-19 18:50:10.209 UTC [10652] LOG:  listening on IPv4 address "", port 5432
Sep 19 18:50:10 cent7.novalocal postmaster[10652]: 2019-09-19 18:50:10.214 UTC [10652] LOG:  listening on Unix socket "/var/run/postgresq...L.5432"
Sep 19 18:50:10 cent7.novalocal postmaster[10652]: 2019-09-19 18:50:10.229 UTC [10652] LOG:  listening on Unix socket "/tmp/.s.PGSQL.5432"
Sep 19 18:50:10 cent7.novalocal postmaster[10652]: 2019-09-19 18:50:10.254 UTC [10652] LOG:  redirecting log output to logging collector process
Sep 19 18:50:10 cent7.novalocal postmaster[10652]: 2019-09-19 18:50:10.254 UTC [10652] HINT:  Future log output will appear in directory "log".
Sep 19 18:50:10 cent7.novalocal systemd[1]: Started PostgreSQL 12 database server.
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.

If you have a running Firewall service and remote clients should connect to your database server, allow PostgreSQL service.

sudo firewall-cmd --add-service=postgresql --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Step 4: Set PostgreSQL admin user’s password

Set PostgreSQL admin user

$ sudo su - postgres 
~]$ psql -c "alter user postgres with password 'StrongPassword'" 

Step 5: Enable remote access (Optional)

Edit the file /var/lib/pgsql/12/data/postgresql.conf and set Listen address to your server IP address or “*” for all interfaces.

listen_addresses = ''

Also set PostgreSQL to accept remote connections

$ sudo vim /var/lib/pgsql/12/data/pg_hba.conf

# Accept from anywhere
host all all md5

# Accept from trusted subnet
host all all md5

Restart database service after committing the change.

sudo systemctl restart postgresql-12

PostgreSQL 12 has been installed on CentOS 7. Spare some minutes to go through PostgreSQL 12 documentation.

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